History

The history of the Prosecutor's Office dates back to the early years of Estonia's independence. The structure of the institution has undergone several transformations due to political and historical changes.

19181920

On November 11, 1918, the Estonian Provisional Government was established. The regulation on establishing provisional courts, adopted on November 18, 1918, created the foundation for the Prosecutor’s Office. The position of the Prosecutor of the Republic of Estonia was created under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Courts.

A decision of the Provisional Government assigned Jaan Teemant as the Prosecutor of the Republic of Estonia. He remained in that position until May 8, 1919.

Prosecutor of the Republic of Estonia in 1918-1920

Jaan Teemant

1918–1918

Aleksander Hellat

1919–1919

Lui Olesk

1919

Alfred Maurer

1919–1920

19201940

In April 1920, the position of the Prosecutor of the Republic was abolished and the separate bodies of the Prosecutor’s Office at the Chamber of Justice and the Prosecutor’s Office at the Supreme Court were established.

The Prosecutor’s Office at the Supreme Court was mainly tasked with protecting lawfulness and expressing opinions. The Prosecutor’s Office at the Chamber of Justice had the tasks of presenting charges and supporting thereof. The Prosecutor’s Office at the Supreme Court acted as a prosecutor’s office in principle only in cases where the Supreme Court was solving a specific court case.

In 1940, the Soviet authorities eliminated the courts of the Republic of Estonia and the prosecutor’s offices at those courts, and on October 23, 1940, the Prosecutor’s Office of the Estonian SSR was established.

Prosecutor of the Supreme Court in 1920-1940

Richard Räägo

1922–1939

Johan Müller

1939–1940

Prosecutor of the Chamber of Justice in 1920-1940

Erich Eek

1921–1922

Paul Peterson

1921–?

Paul Välbe

?–1925

Johan Müller

1925–1933

Albert Assor

1933–1938

Johan Müller

1939–1940

Gustav Avald

1940

Since 1991

With the decision of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Estonia from August 27, 1991 “Of separating the Prosecutor’s Office the Republic of Estonia from the Prosecutor’s Office of the Soviet Union”, the Prosecutor’s Office of the Republic of Estonia was established.

On February 25, 1993, the Riigikogu adopted the Prosecutor’s Office Act which established the current structure of the Prosecutor’s Office.

Prosecutor Generals since 1991

Leo Urge

1991–1993

Indrek Meelak

1993–1998

Alar Kirs(kohusetäitjana)

1998

Raivo Sepp

1998–2003

Jüri Pihl

2003–2005

Norman Aas

2005–2014

Lavly Perling

2014–2019

Andres Parmas

2020–...