A witness is a person who may know important facts about a criminal case.


  • to refuse to give a statement or to testify:

    • about their spouse,
    • about close relatives,
    • about themselves if the testimony incriminates the witness;
  • to request remuneration for witnesses;
  • to remain anonymous if their statements or testimony could put them at risk;
  • to use notes and other documents concerning numerical data, names and other information that is difficult to memorise when giving statements or testimony;
  • to request that an attorney or any other person who meets the educational requirements established by law for contractual representatives be present as a contractual representative for the protection of their rights at an interview in pre-trial proceedings.


  • to give truthful statements or testimony if there is no legal basis for refusing to do so;
  • witnesses are obligated to appear in court when summoned.